Python Send Email

Now that you have a SendGrid account and an API key, you're ready to dive into some code and send emails! Start by opening your terminal and navigating to the directory where you want your project to live. Python function to send email (via GMail) when script has completed April 12, 2011 by Drew Conway As I mentioned yesterday , I have been moving most of my computationally intensive work to Amazon's EC2 cloud computing service. Sending the Email. 7 to automate the creation and sending of the reports using Gmail, however all the examples I found for Python 3 were either more complicated or simple than what I needed. Send Property. Install Mailmerge. This guide will show you how to send emails as different accounts in Outlook 2010. The goal here is to generate a valid email including internationalized content, attachments and even inline images, and send it to a SMTP server. The complexity came from Google's 2-step Verification security settings. With Amazon SES, you can send transactional email, marketing messages, or any other type of high-quality content to your customers. I had already used Python 2. This example is taken from this post at wikibooks. import smtplib #Ports 465 and 587 are intended for email client to email server communication - sending email server = smtplib. py has been developed to easily generate HTML code for tables and lists in Python scripts. Shen is a new contributor to this site. Save it as server. They are extracted from open source Python projects. A bug has been reported that it doesn't follow RFC2822 rules when auto-detecting the sender and sendee addresses. How to Read Email From Gmail Using Python In this tutorial, you'll see how to read email from Gmail using Python. The following python script can be downloaded directly onto your raspberry pi, customized with your email settings and executed to illuminate the LEDs. wxDialogs Thanks I appreciate the help. 7 is confusing, is that the encoding of a given instance of type< ‘str’> is implicit. Using Python to send e-mail messages. com/sentdex. Learn how to send emails using Python code via the built-in "smtplib" module from the standard library. This tutorial will provide you multiple ways to send emails from the Linux command line. Our Python SMTPAPI library allows you to fully integrate with SendGrid. Python provides smtplib module, which defines an SMTP client session object used for the purpose of sending emails to an internet machine. If you don't specify any arguments, SENDMAIL will display its command dialog. import smtplib import arcpy def sendResultEmail(msgContents, success_TF): '''sendResultEmail(msgContents, success_TF) This is the module that does the sending - you should only need to edit the top four active lines''' to = 'receiver@email. Use Python 3 to send an email with an attachment using Gmail - python_3_email_with_attachment. Not applicable at command line when using templates. SMTP is a protocol for sending email. For some reason, all the examples of the configuration files for the Python logging framework are artificial ones, with names like handler01, handler02 and so on. But there are times when you want to send email from external email server and it requires SMTP authentication. 6 feature that has flown under the radar is the revamped email package. python-send-mail. --errorlogfile=FILE If a filepath is set, the script appends errors to the filepath. learnpython) submitted 1 year ago * by SonaCruz Hey guys, I was hoping I could get a little help with this. Emails code is not much simpler than the same code in django, but it is still more elegant, can be used in django environment and has html transformation methods (see HTML Transformer section). import win32com. On our last NAS (Buffalo), my company was able to send a daily status update to monitor free space on our backup device. Python code for sending HTML email (Attachment + Multiple Recipients ) - python_email. Email is the one method of online contact that almost everyone -- at least. In this article we are going to learn on how to send email to any person. The mail server is a computer that is in charge of sending and receiving your email. Python provides you a smtplib module, which defines an SMTP client session object, can be used to send a mail to any internet machine with an SMTP/ESMTP listener daemon. """Send an email. We can easily send email from python script using smtplib module, which defines an SMTP client session object that can be used to send mail to any Internet machine with an SMTP or ESMTP listener daemon. send to send the message. I think that would be sufficient. Not applicable at command line when using templates. On non-Unix systems (and on Unix systems too, of course!), you can use SMTP to send mail to a nearby mail server. Email Exception Handling in Python In this article, we show how to handle email exception errors in Python. If you're not sure which to choose, learn more about installing packages. First, let's see how to create and send a simple text message:. Since we will use Google's SMTP server to deliver our emails, we will need to gather information such as server, port, authentication. Here are a few examples of how to use the email package to read, write, and send simple email messages, as well as more complex MIME messages. This tutorial shows you how to send basic emails and emails with files attached. Also there is a send limit implemented as the mails accounts that are going to be used are accounts from free hoster (gmail in this case) with a limit of maximum sends per day. import win32com. send_an_email() email python3 raspberrypi. Python Send Html, Image And Attachment Email Example Richard Trump December 10, 2018 In last article Python SMTP Send Email Example we had learnt how the email transfer from the internet to receiver's email address, we have also learnt the basic source code to send email to SMTP server in Python program. Python's smtplib provides functions for using the SMTP to send emails through your email provider's SMTP server. Python: Send Email via Office 365 July 22, 2018 July 22, 2018 by Yong Kam Wah Please refer to the following Python Script to send Email via Office 365 with TLS. Python-Email-Sender. when you start e-mail marketing , You need opt-in email address list. It is used to route emails between email servers. Python includes several modules in the standard library for working with emails and email servers. Sending Emails that contain your e-mail signature (self. Here's a very simple interactive mail sender that uses it: import sys, smtplib. Email verification is no secret. ok, so how do you sink someone with email spam? Someone spammed our site about homeless people that basically put shite on the homeless and keeps sending me stuff that is annoying the daylights out of me. Configure Exchange Server to Send and Receive Outside Email. On our last NAS (Buffalo), my company was able to send a daily status update to monitor free space on our backup device. It uses the openpyxl module to interact with the spreadsheets and smtplib to send the mails. Have some GUI development experience in Python. Whether for whistle blowing or pranks or social engineering or whatever, it just is necessary for us to do that. Python provides smtplib module, which defines an SMTP client session object used for the purpose of sending emails to an internet machine. About client/server architecture. Google's Standard configuration instructions. Python, being a powerful language don't need any external library to import and offers a native library to send emails- "SMTP lib". Select Dropbox API app and choose your app's permission. It is easy to send SMS text messages from a Python application using a web application programming interface (API). t file which contains the following format. """ import os import sys import smtplib # For guessing MIME type based on file name extension import mimetypes from optparse import OptionParser from email import encoders from email. Get Started Python Sending Email Tutorial Python Sending Email Module. Chapter 14 - configparser¶ Configuration files are used by both users and programmers. Sending html emails with images using Django templates. SMTP is a protocol for sending email. A good way to start using the Python SDK is to follow this quick tutorial. I desperately try to avoid sending email, not just for myself, but also in the code I write. Once convinced with our code, we will add the. py, and run it python server. I made some minor adjustments and came up with:. The Flask-Mail extension provides a simple interface to set up SMTP with your Flask application and to send messages from your views and scripts. Python Read Gmail. In our case, the machine running the SMTP server is the smtp. If you want to use the mutable version, use bytearray() method. port − If you are providing host argument, then you need to specify a port, local_hostname − If your SMTP server is running on your local machine,. You’ll be able to do so with little prior knowledge of Python or any other programming. A Celery library that makes your user-responsive long-running jobs totally awesomer. Suppose if there are multiple accounts being used such as yahoo, Hotmail then how to change the email and password. Python has smtplib module(implements smtp protocol) that handles the email features programmatically. This post demonstrates proper construction of Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions (MIME) messages in Python. We can easily send email from python script using smtplib module, which defines an SMTP client session object that can be used to send mail to any Internet machine with an SMTP or ESMTP listener daemon. Python has smtplib for perform this type of method. Click Send selected email to OneNote button in the Ribbon. Could someone please explain how to send an attachment in an email. The smtpd module includes classes for building simple mail transport protocol servers. """ import os import sys import smtplib # For guessing MIME type based on file name extension import mimetypes from optparse import OptionParser from email import encoders from email. It can be used to send a single message or multiple copies of the message to the recipient. It will send the requests to the Arduino, and the Arduino will respond with data. It was caught in 2013,. Python Send Html, Image And Attachment Email Example Richard Trump December 10, 2018 In last article Python SMTP Send Email Example we had learnt how the email transfer from the internet to receiver’s email address, we have also learnt the basic source code to send email to SMTP server in Python program. for this we have to configured server configuration as your web email configuration. The article can also be useful for someone who is looking for a python code to know which windows applications are running or open any Windows application using Python. Outlook must be running in order for this script to work. Here is a very simple snippet to send an email: from django. Here, I'll show you how I send custom messages to groups of people using Mailmerge, a command-line Python program that can handle simple and complex emails. With a zero flags argument, send () is equivalent to write (2). If your making graphs periodically or automatically, e. This topic shows how to use the AWS SDK for Python (Boto) to send an email through Amazon SES. Add(name) , and mail. Python Send Email. If you don't already have an account, you can register for free. Schedule lets you run Python functions (or any other callable) periodically at pre-determined intervals using a simple, human-friendly syntax. "How to send an email with Python?" is the actual reason people come to look when they click that question, and they'd expect an answer that yagmail can provide: nice and short. 3 hours ago · Florida wildlife officials were doing a double-take Wednesday. Chapter 17 - The email / smtplib Module¶. The following are code examples for showing how to use email. csv file when the values drop below a certain number. Send Email Using Python!: In this beginner tutorial I will show you how to use Python programming language to write a simple command line app for sending emails via Gmail! You will only need 11 lines of code!. Then try to connect using the terminal. 000 emails for free, and after the trial period ends you can still send 100 emails per day for free. How to send pdf/ppt attachment with an HTML body in the python script? It is quite simple to send any document as an attachment in python script with HTML as body contents. I often send this information over email. Python is a powerful language which helps us to do anything which we dream of. Write a Python app to get Outlook mail, calendar, and contacts. I’m not sure the comment on the time. The problem with type< ‘str’>, and the main reason why Unicode in Python 2. Python provides smtplib for sending emails. Click the Send button to email the message to its address. It is evident that this topic is quite interesting for those who want to scrape contact information from the web (like direct marketers), and previously we have already mentioned GSA Email Spider as an off-the-shelf solution for email crawling. Using a web application programming interface (API) with Python makes it easy to send MMS messages from a web application or script. How to Send Bulk Emails using Gmail. Mailgun Documentation¶. 6) installed to your computer and an e-mail account. Select Dropbox API app and choose your app's permission. with that can i send an email using python?. First, let’s see how to create and send a simple text message (both the text content and the addresses may contain unicode characters):. Option 2: Setting up a Local SMTP Server. py file: import smtplib. This tutorial shows you how to send basic emails and emails with files attached. Good system admins get to know scripting languages well and sometimes use them for all kinds of purposes, from scripts that do backups to complex automated tasks. What I first do is I replace the susbtring 'utf-16' to 'utf-8'. Python send email via Gmail Print Email Details Written by Sonny Yu. pyzmail hides the complexity. It automatically decides which program is associated with the given document type and uses that to load the document. MIMEMultipart import MIMEMultipart from email import Encoders def emailHTMLAttachments(subject, fromEmail, toEmailList, textMessage = '', HTMLMessage = '', attachments = []): COMMASPACE = ', ' # Create the container (outer) email message. Updated at Jan 22, 2018: I previously mentioned that SendGrid no longer had a free plan, but it seems like it's no longer accurate. An in-process scheduler for periodic jobs that uses the builder pattern for configuration. com',465) server. You can use anyone option given below to send email from Linux. Hi wuming79, this sounds like trouble/problems outside of Splunk. Get the SourceForge newsletter. com! As you can probably tell from announcements we made at BUILD this week like add-ins for Outlook coming to Outlook. Originally I was skeptical of the safety of displaying a password and username in a script being sent on-line. Telegram-send is a command-line tool to send messages and files over Telegram to your account, to a group or to a channel. Alternatively, this is some code that worked for me: import smptlib s = smtplib. 7 is confusing, is that the encoding of a given instance of type< ‘str’> is implicit. import smtplib from email. In this post, we will learn ways of sending an email with attachment from the Linux terminal. Chapter 17 - The email / smtplib Module¶. The complexity came from Google's 2-step Verification security settings. You can create custom Gmail Email Library to send email with attachment or no attachment. Send Email with Attachment(s) In Python This code snippet will help you send an email (with attachments) in Python. MIMEMultipart import MIMEMultipart from email. SMTP_SSL('smtp. Python also supports computed lists, called “list comprehensions”. The email and smtplib modules in Python are very powerful, but they're also a bit complex when you just want to send an email. The SocketLabs Email Delivery Python library allows you to easily send any type of email message supported by our Injection API, from a simple message to a single recipient, to a complex bulk message sent to multiple recipients. 000 emails for free, and after the trial period ends you can still send 100 emails per day for free. catch a cheating spouse husband or wife. Save it as server. Use Python 3 to send an email with an attachment using Gmail - python_3_email_with_attachment. Email templates. They are extracted from open source Python projects. sendMail ( ['maSnun '],'phpGeek ','Hello Python!','Heya buddy!. I have successfully emailed simple messages with the smtplib. learnpython) submitted 1 year ago * by SonaCruz Hey guys, I was hoping I could get a little help with this. Not applicable at command line when using templates. Image Courtesy : www. Send Email When a Feature is Added to an ArcGIS Online Hosted Feature Service. 14 thoughts on “ Receive full data with the recv socket function in python ” Rufus V. How to Send Bulk Emails using Gmail. Python-Email-Sender. We will use a template file as well which we will show in the next section and which we will use while we're sending the emails. You can test email functionality by running Starting a Secure SMTP Connection. Image Courtesy : www. You’ll be able to do so with little prior knowledge of Python or any other programming. email: Examples¶. Additionally, enter the SSMTP and PORT from the previous step. By logging into a gmail account with python you can send emails using this tutorial. First we have to give details like from, to subject and attachment then this all details will be filled in outlook with python code. I’m not sure the comment on the time. The server side scripting language (like PHP Perl, ASP) has more features and facilities to send the email. We will also pick the name and email of the person we want to send the email to, from a text file we make. Moreover, we will look at Python SMTP Server. Download the file for your platform. sendmail() method. Python allows you to send calendar appointments (invitations / events) directly from your code. 13 Now let's test the Google > Gmail > SendEmail Choreo directly from our website. Here is a very simple snippet to send an email: from django. I want to send an email via my domain name (for example myname@mydomain. The word "in". #!/usr/bin/env python """Send the contents of a directory as a MIME message. Does not look like a problem with Dreamhost. In this post, you’ll learn how to send emails using python. 4 Replies to “Send email with Outlook and Python” Satish Nalla says: 20/04/2018 at 4:27 pm I wrote code like this. Python's email package contains many classes and functions for composing. We will use a template file as well which we will show in the next section and which we will use while we're sending the emails. I had already used Python 2. This is a good way to check the properties and its contents that we have assigned in our VBA code, before mailing it. All other hosting packages are not subject to this restriction, and can use external SMTP servers to send e-mail messages. Tag: Python Check out dev. In addition, you can export your Gmail contacts and import to GroupMail in an instant. It's important to note that we're using "smtplib. in Python with a cron job, it can be helpful to also share the graphs that you're creating in an email to your team. Pradeep Singh | 21st Feb 2017 For your IoT Projects, you may need to send automated notifications or some information over the email. The only difference between send () and write (2) is the presence of flags. I have some scripts that need to send mail from the command line. Sending an Email with Python. Sending an Email with Attachments using Python Update: I have improved the code listed below by adding functionality that moves and renames the files, as well as improving some of the other syntax. Conky SSL Email Python Script. Sending Advanced Emails Made Simple in Python Posted on April 24, 2016 I will give two simple examples that would answer 90% of the questions asked on stackoverflow w. MIMEText import MIMEText from email. Here is a script to send email with attachment using your gmail credentials to ensure that your mail doesn't go to spam, and it guarantees the email is delivered to recipient. It will also demonstrate how to send different email types like simple text emails, emails with attachments,. me no registration required. Chapter 14 - configparser¶ Configuration files are used by both users and programmers. py) is included in Python 1. This notebook is a primer on sending nice HTML emails with Plotly graphs in Python. This tutorial will show you how to use your Gmail account to send an email:. On the same day the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission revealed a 17-foot, 9-inch Burmese python was captured in the Everglades, a second snake of the exact length was found farther east in Broward County. I figured out that I need to just add the send email code to the python script. Python Tutorial By KnowledgeHut A mail server is an application that handles and delivers e-mail over the Internet. Likewise, the third-party imapclient and pyzmail modules let you access IMAP servers and retrieve emails sent to you. 6 feature that has flown under the radar is the revamped email package. Good system admins get to know scripting languages well and sometimes use them for all kinds of purposes, from scripts that do backups to complex automated tasks. All video and text tutorials are free. You can subscribe to the list, or change your existing subscription, in the sections below. If your making graphs periodically or automatically, e. The project got started back in 2010 when there was no sane option to send email messages, today it is the solution most Node. First, let's see how to create and send a simple text message:. In last article, we have discussed the basics of sending a mail from a Gmail account without any subject as well as without any attachment. When the arduino receives a request for temperature, it will go out, make the temperature measurement and then return the data to Python. This topic shows how to use the AWS SDK for Python (Boto) to send an email through Amazon SES. 04/04/2019; 20 minutes to read +1; In this article. when you start e-mail marketing , You need opt-in email address list. This script will not work on Web Player. Emails code is not much simpler than the same code in django, but it is still more elegant, can be used in django environment and has html transformation methods (see HTML Transformer section). login has to correspond to a valid email and password on the hosting account, preferably the same domain in the smtplib. com' send_password = 'password' # warning - will just be an unencrypted. More information to my problem: I figured out, that the xml string is generated with codepage FFFE (UTF-16, little endian). Send emails from Outlook to OneNote in Outlook 2007. Sending Emails that contain your e-mail signature (self. Python provides smtplib module, which defines an SMTP client session object used for the purpose of sending emails to an internet machine. We’ll look at building a fairly robust email; one which will feature multiple inline images and multiple attachments. The Nexmo SMS API is an HTTP-based API using either XML or JSON to describe how to send an SMS or understand a received SMS. Archives Send emails using Python 13 Jan 2012 on Python Gmail GUI Gmail API. Send mail from your Gmail account using Python Here, we are going to learn how to send a simple basic mail using Python code. 7 thoughts on “ Sending and receiving emails automatically in Python ” Ernesto Merli November 23, 2017 at 12:59 pm. It automatically decides which program is associated with the given document type and uses that to load the document. If you're new to Python, let's learn together! If you're a Python veteran, please feel free to send me pointers or correct my mistakes in the comments. Suppose if there are multiple accounts being used such as yahoo, Hotmail then how to change the email and password. Send HIPAA Compliant Transactional Email with Python by Hoala Greevy Founder CEO of Paubox. We will use a template file as well which we will show in the next section and which we will use while we’re sending the emails. Here is a Python program which opens a pipe to sendmail, opens the file with the email message in it and reads it, then writes the email data to the sendmail pipe. There are lots of libraries available on the internet, but the most preferable library is ' smtplib '. For that I wrote a python code which track the process and send email notification instantly if code stops or runs completely. Here is a script to send email with attachment using your gmail credentials to ensure that your mail doesn't go to spam, and it guarantees the email is delivered to recipient. Python code to send free emails using Gmail credentials, Sending automated emails using python and Gmail, Using Google SMTP server to send emails using python. It is used to route emails between email servers. py | View on Github. Write a Python app to get Outlook mail, calendar, and contacts. How to Send Multiple Emails. Make sure to setup a profile that has permissions to send emails. MIMEMultipart import MIMEMultipart from email import Encoders def emailHTMLAttachments(subject, fromEmail, toEmailList, textMessage = '', HTMLMessage = '', attachments = []): COMMASPACE = ', ' # Create the container (outer) email message. The smtplib is a Python library for sending emails using the Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP). Set up an Application Password with Gmail. audio import MIMEAudio from email. MIMEMultipart import MIMEMultipart from email. Check there is no firewall blocking SMTP from your Splunk server, check that the mail server you are using (Windows defaults as well to localhost and has most likely not any email sending facility by default) is allowing you to relay emails. Here is a Python program which opens a pipe to sendmail, opens the file with the email message in it and reads it, then writes the email data to the sendmail pipe. Email is used to send password resets, confirmation of orders, and ver. 15 Aug 2016, a 14-minute piece by Dev Mukherjee. It is used to route emails between email servers. The smtpd module includes classes for building simple mail transport protocol servers. Send Email Using Python!: In this beginner tutorial I will show you how to use Python programming language to write a simple command line app for sending emails via Gmail! You will only need 11 lines of code!. The rest of the work is done by windows. Usually this email message consists of one single file (that may be a tarball ) and has the file name for subject. Instead use environment variables or use the Python library Python Decouple. Messages are the core building blocks of Slack apps. For computational engineers, scripts run for large periods of time because of limited processing power and massive amounts of data. This is a good way to check the properties and its contents that we have assigned in our VBA code, before mailing it. Before moving on, it is highly recommended to learn how to send a simple mail. Learn how to send email from your app, SMTP vs API, verifying your domain, email reputation; we’ll explain it all here. They do not need to be Sevabot commands, messages are send over HTTP interface. First, let's see how to create and send a simple text message:. The Python module for sending e-mail messages is simple and consists of creating an SMTP object, sending an e-mail message using the sendmail method, then closing the connection with the quit method. Examples of entities are: jobs, indexes, apps, and configuration stanzas. How to send pdf/ppt attachment with an HTML body in the python script? It is quite simple to send any document as an attachment in python script with HTML as body contents. Schedule lets you run Python functions (or any other callable) periodically at pre-determined intervals using a simple, human-friendly syntax. This tutorial will show you how to use your Gmail account to send an email:. We will use a template file as well which we will show in the next section and which we will use while we're sending the emails. Sending messages from separate URL thread ¶. 4 or later installed on your machine. How to send email using Python Sending mail is done with Python's smtplib using an Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) server. Define the mail server details along with the public variables:. com'; fromAddr = 'boss@example. Python function to send email (via GMail) when script has completed April 12, 2011 by Drew Conway As I mentioned yesterday , I have been moving most of my computationally intensive work to Amazon's EC2 cloud computing service. 15 Aug 2016, a 14-minute piece by Dev Mukherjee. Python code for sending HTML email (Attachment + Multiple Recipients ) - python_email. The difference between the two is that smtplib is used to send emails, while smptd is used to receive emails. Spam (food) - Wikipedia. Today, we will learn how to send mail with attachment and subject using Python. that is why I have used variable to store password. com' gmail. This tutorial shows you how to send basic emails and emails with files attached. Open the Settings app. SendGrid offers a 30 days trial with 40. This article will demonstrate how to use our GoogleRequest component, OAuth component, and MIME component to send an email using Google's GMail API. If you're not sure which to choose, learn more about installing packages. First, let’s see how to create and send a simple text message (both the text content and the addresses may contain unicode characters):. Send emails from Outlook to OneNote in Outlook 2007. You can vote up the examples you like or vote down the ones you don't like. The base class for all of the provided example servers is SMTPServer. Hello fellow grey hat hackers, as hackers it becomes necessary for us to be able to send emails anonymously. This article will tell you how to send email to multiple contacts which are saved in a csv file, and how to use email subject and content template to make the email content personalized in Python. Start here to begin learning how to manage messages via our APIs. Sending SMTP Emails with Powershell using Authentication. When you want to send tidy e-mails for marketing or other purposes you quickly run into the solution of using html within e-mails. I assume that you have two email accounts which you use for this purpose, say rpi@mydomain. by Snippets Manager · May. Hi, I just want to send a very simple email from within python. Python provides you a smtplib module, which defines an SMTP client session object, can be used to send a mail to any internet machine with an SMTP/ESMTP listener daemon. There are quite a few ways to send email with Python, whether it be through a 3rd party library like with boto and SES, or through an email protocol like SMTP. [toc]In this tutorial you will learn how to receive email using the poplib module. In last article, we have discussed the basics of sending a mail from a Gmail account without any subject as well as without any attachment. Chapter 17 - The email / smtplib Module¶. I often send this information over email. Exchange Configuration: USER EMAIL: […]. 4 Replies to “Send email with Outlook and Python” Satish Nalla says: 20/04/2018 at 4:27 pm I wrote code like this. SES is Amazons email offering allowing you send or receive email in your AWS account. The following python script can be downloaded directly onto your raspberry pi, customized with your email settings and executed to illuminate the LEDs. Sending Email with Python and the Mailgun API Mailgun makes sending email from code dead simple. com' gmail. Sending multiple emails to different recipients and making them personal is the special thing about emails in Python. sendmail('from@from. The email and smtplib modules in Python are very powerful, but they're also a bit complex when you just want to send an email. SMTP Python Code Example SendGrid recommends using our Python SMTPAPI library , full documentation can be found on GitHub. Subscribing to Mailman-Users: Subscribe to Mailman-Users by filling out the following form. SMTP(smtpServer) server. Often times it would be nice to get an email notification when the script finished or completed OK. Python 102: How to Send an Email Using smtplib + email June 26, 2013 Cross-Platform , Python Python , Python 101 Mike I wrote an article on this topic several years ago, but I think it is time for me to revisit it.